Lighting

  1. What are you trying to find out?
  • Equipment – current types of lighting ( Accent, task)
  • History of Lighting and film/tv lighting ( First type of light, uses, lights that we use today)
  • Use of lighting in horror films

 

Image result for accent light

brighter Connection Inc, No Date

Image result for task light

Designer Mag, No date

2)List of actual research

Secondary

Lighting

As an introduction, light is the necessity for everyone. If there was no light, we would not have wanted to live in this planet. When there is no natural light, we use artificial light instead. The first light appeared some 400,000 years ago B.C., by Homo Erectus, who founded light completely by accident, when a lightning hit a tree. The development of lighting developed in the future.

As years went on, we developed the way to use light, and used different lights for different things. There are many types of light nowadays that were not there before. Most of the lights used before artificial lights appeared were light candles. They were the most common ways of using light at the time. The first candles were made in China in 200 BC from whale fat with rice paper rick. Oil lamps stayed until the 18th century. A swiss scientist called  Aime Argand, made the Argand Lamp which was the improved version of the oil lamp. He made sure that more light appeared by having a bigger flame.

First kerosene lamps were  made by Ignacy Łukasiewicz of Poland and Edwin Dietz of USA in 1853.  After centuries of trying to improve light, in 1792 inventor William Murdoch used gas distilled from the coal to illuminate his house. In 1807, London got a first street illuminated with gas lanterns. Gas lanterns were placed on the posts, lit and extinguished by hand every morning and evening. After that, other cities of the world followed. Until electricity came.

It’s not until the 19th century, a scientist set foundations for electrical lighting. He tried it with platinum strip and a battery, which made the connected strip glow. After him, there were many inventors who tried to improve his light, until Sir Joseph Swann and Tomas Edison did succeed with a better vacuum and a carbon filament. After that, electricity had spread out throughout the entire world and is still the same but in improved form.

Current types of lighting

Accent Light

This gives texture, focus and shape to general lighting, adding depth and shade, with shadows in some corners and pools of light in others. It’s formed by a mixture of halogen spotlights, downlighters, uplighters, tracks and table lamps. Tracks are great for lighting different areas of a room.

Image result for accent light

Brighter Connection Inc, No Date

Task Lighting

Task lighting is lighting which is focused on a specific area to make the completion of visual tasks easier. It is differentiated from area and mood lighting, which are designed simply to illuminate various regions of a space, sometimes creating specific desired effects.

Image result for task lighting

 Bebegi, No Date

 Types of Lighting in Films

Tungsten Light

These lights are used to light interiors as it matches the warm light.

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Cinema 5d, 2015

Fluorescent light

These light produce a soft light which can be used close to the subject. These lights are normally used in interiors and it has an advantage of being cooler and more compact than Tungsten lights.

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Cinema 5d, 2015

LED

This is a Light Emitting Diode.It is most commonly used in film sets. They are very easy to carry around and the advantages of this is that it has a high-efficiency and produces pure light without releasing UV radiation.

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Cinema 5d, 2015

 Use of lighting in horror

In a horror film, we use dark or low-level lighting. Low level lighting is used to create a creepy mysterious  atmosphere, as darkness is usually associated with evil. Darkness also makes more people more vulnerable and threatened as they are unable to see as much and people fear the unseen and unknown. They also use many shadows.

Low-key lighting creates tension due to its mysterious and dark atmosphere, controlling how much of the surroundings and characters are revealed.

Different techniques used in horror

Silhouette – It uses a bright light behind a figure to allow it to become darker and to feature any expression of moods.

Speirs And major, No date

Up-lighting – The lighting of the figure below a character, creates  heavy shadowing to the shadowing, especially to the eyes, nose and brow. This generates a sense of unease and mistrust.

Speirs And major, No date

Spotlighting –  especially from behind, is similar to the use of silhouette by limiting recognisable features. It is often the use of shadows and the figure’s posture that creates a sense of foreboding as you realise that this is that place you must enter – and where the terror lies.

Speirs And major, No date

Spotlight – This last use of lighting in horror films is spotlight. It projects a shadow creeping along a surface like a wall for example, which is very common in horror films creates a sense of tension and fear. The distorted shadow creates a feeling of imagination and uncertainty.

REFERENCE:

Bebegi, No date, Available at: http://www.bebegi.com/desk-task-light.html, Accessed on 26/09/2016

Brighter Connections, Inc, No Datehttp://www.brighterconnectioninc.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/IMG_20131029_072236.jpg, 26/09/2016

Designer mag, No date,Available at: http://designermag.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/task-lighting.jp, Accessed on 26/09/2016

Naominore.weebly, No Date, Available at: http://naomimore.weebly.com/horror-lighting–camera-work.html, 26/09/2016

Wise Geek, No Date, Available at: http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-task-lighting.htm,26/09/2016, Accessed on 26/09/2016

 

Lackey, Richard, 2015, Available at: https://www.cinema5d.com/common-types-of-film-lights/

 

 

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