Image result for film genre

 Film Debate, No Date

From this lesson, we learned about Genre, and the different types of films. We also looked at the genre expectations of what there is to expect in a Western film for example or Horror film. Different genres have different styles of how the movie will look on the screens.

What is Genre?

Genre is the style of film, there are many types of film that goes from action, to horror, comedy, sci-fi and many other types. The other genres are

  • Fantasy
  • Thriller
  • Film-Noir
  • Western

Examples of genre + Expectation

Science Fiction

  Tambay A.Obenson, 2015

For sci-fi films like this one, the expectations of this film for example to an audience should be that it should be set in the future, it would involve space, the technology in the movie would be improved dramatically as it is meant to look futuristic, there should be robots or aliens in this movie.


True Grit Movie Poster

 Roger Bert, 2010 

This is a western film called True Grit. These types of film are extremely different to sci-fi. In these films, you would horses, which were the main use of transport at the time, cowboys are also the main people in western films. Salon and hats would also be very common to see in those movies. The saloon for bars and the cowboy hats. Guns are also widely used in Western Films. Tubleweed can be seen rolling across the dry desert from the dusty wind. Sun is also part of a western film as it links in with the desert to show the orange/yellow colour, it blends in.



 Image by Rafsy, No Date

This is a type of thriller film where it involves suspense and twists. In this genre, you would expect to see implied violence, it is not commonly used in thriller movies. There is a plot twister, which can change the whole dynamic of the movie in the first quarter of the film to the rest of the film. The audience would be frightened by the location. The house could look really nice from the outside, but when you go, everything is in a mess, cracked walls, object on the floor, it would feel like a haunted house. People would fear of the normal because what they would see is very strange.


How to analyse genre? What are we looking for?


  • What we see when curtain opens
  • What is on the screen ie classic scene


  •  Objects within the scene
  • Props – semiological analysis


  •  The way they look can be a good way to analyse them

Narrative ( The story )

  • Sci fi for eg, fighting aliens, defending normality
  • Western – Outsiders threat

Technology ( How is it being used)

  • Lighting
  • Sound
  • Special effects (SFX)

In western movies, there would not be much special effects used.


Film Noir

We then learned about Film Noir


Film Noirs appeared in America after the Second World War. Although they are not easily defined. The words itself comes from the French language meaning ‘black cinema’. It was in France during the war where this term was used to tell us that those films were saturated with a darkness and cynicism that was not seen before. Although the black and white films has appeared before in the 1930s and 40s. They were used for propaganda videos. The most famous propaganda film during WW1, was The Battle The Somme ( 1916 ). The films of the 1940s reflected the disappointment felt in the country, especially with the soldiers returning home and women losing their jobs at the end of the war.These films had to be done with what they have already. The use of lighting in film noir were used very effectivly to create shadowsin important scenes

The Characteristics of Film Noir

  • Urban Environment
  • Rain Soaked Street
  • Scenes appear dark, as if lit for night, with many dark shadows
  • Criminal underworld
  • The femme fatale

Maltese Falcon ( 1941)

Image result for the maltese falcon

 The hifi celluloid monster, No date

Background Story

Sam Spade is a partner in a private-eye firm who finds himself hounded by police when his partner is killed whilst tailing a man. The girl who asked him to follow the man turns out not to be who she says she is, and is really involved in something to do with the ‘Maltese Falcon’, a gold-encrusted life-sized statue of a falcon, the only one of its kind.

The use of lighting in the first ten minutes was very effective. In one scene where the phone was ringing, there was a pool of shadow, with the light coming from the window, creating that rim to see the outer layer of the telephone. It created a sense of mystery. During the scene where Spade talks to the girl, the only light being used is Natural Light coming from outside.


Spellbound 1945

Image result for Spellbound 1945 Film

 DvD Release Date, No date

Background Story

A psychiatrist protects the identity of an amnesia patient accused of murder while attempting to recover his memory.

The use of lighting in this film all comes from Natural Light, so using the light of the Sun. The curtain creates streams of shadows, filling the outlines, to have crisp detail of the woman.



Bert, Robert, 2010, Available at:, 28/09/16

DVD Release Date, No Date, Available at:, Accessed on 28/09/2016

Film Debate, No Date, Available at:, Accessed on 28/09.2016

Hoerneman, Christie, No Date, Available at:, Accessed on 28/10/2016

IMDB, No Date, Available at:, Accessed on 28/09/2016

IMDB, No Date, Available at:, Accessed on 28/10/2016

The Hifi Celluloid Monster, Available at:, Accessed on 20/08/2016

Obenson, A.Tambay, 2015, Available at:, Accessed on 28/09/2016

Rafsy, no date, Available at:, Accessed on 28/09/2016