Research Plan

  • History of Cameras – how they first appeared
  • Science behind camera
  • Famous scenes

Primary research

-Video with digital camera to show the quality of it


– history of camera development

– how digital and old camera works

– YouTube video of James Bond Spectre Intro

Primary Research


00013 (2016)

I have filmed this footage in the garden to show the quality of the camera compared to the cameras from decades ago. We can clearly see the quality is higher in this camera because it is digital. Decades ago, digital cameras did not exist, so the quality was not as high. With this camera which I used, it is effective for filming for very small videos, but would not be good for films because it requires a lot of space and the quality of the videos has to be much higher

Secondary Research

History of Camera

It all started at the time camera obscura, which are lens that projects images upside  down used by ancient Greeks and Chinese. In 1544, this camera was used by Reiners Gemma Frisius, who was a mathematician who observed solar eclipses. The change from a room sized camera to a transportable camera was inspired by Johann Zahn in  1685. Although the first camera was invented by Alexander Wolcott .His design was then produced on the 8th of May 1840. At this moment, it was possible to click candid pictures that did not fade away. Although, the first pictures were taken until Joseph Nicephore Niepce appeared. He used a sliding wooden box to take photographs with.


Fleet Wood Museum, No Date

The boxes used for this was created by Charles and Vincent Chevalier in 1826. Ten years later in 1836,with Louis Daguerre created a practical photographic known  as daguerreotype. The introduction of photographic film made a huge transformation and an impressive improvement. George Eastmen introduced the paper film in 1885. Although it was not a flashy camera, the focus was fixed and the shutter speed was the same but was at a relatively low price

In 1990, Eastman took photography a step further with introduction of an inexpensive and simple box camera known as Brownie. This was a popular camera that captured the market until the 1960s. Even with low-cost photography options by Eastman, plate camera offered quality prints and it was popular even in 20th century.

Science of how cameras actually works

How old Cameras works

In old cameras, there used to be an equipment called films. There is a long spool of flexible plastic with special chemicals which are sensible to light. So to stop it from spoiling it, it is wrapped around a plastic cylinder that is light-proof, which is in the camera.

When you take a photo with the camera,you have to press a button, this operates the shutter which is a hole that you open briefly, to allow light to enter the lens. The light causes reactions to take place in the chemicals on the film, which stores the picture in front of you.

Although, this is not the end of the process. When the film is full, you have to take it to a drugstore (chemist) to get it developed. This involves placing the film into a huge  developing machine. The machine opens up the film container, pulls out the film, and pours in various other chemicals to make the photos appear. This process turns the film into a series of “negative” pictures – which are the reverse of what you see. In a negative, the black areas look light and the same thing for the opposite and all the colours look weird too because the negative stores them as their opposites. Once the machine has made the negatives, it uses them to make prints which are the finished product of your photos.

How do the digital cameras work

When you press the button to take a photograph with a digital camera, an aperture opens at the front of the camera and light streams in through the lens. From this point on, however, everything is different. There is no film in a digital camera. Instead, there is a piece of electronic equipment which captures the incoming light rays and turns them into electrical signals.

The light from the subject you are photographing focuses onto the camera lens. This incoming “picture” hits the image sensor chip, which breaks it up into millions of pixels. This sensor measures the colour and brightness of each individual pixel and keeps it as a number. Your digital photograph is  an enormously long string of numbers describing the exact details of each pixel it contains.


Secondary Research

Spectre – James Bond 007 – Carnival Mexico City, Best Movie Scenes (2016 )

The scene which I have chosen is from James Spectre ( 2015 ). In this scene, there is no cut in between whatsoever. The whole 2-3 minutes is filmed in one go. This can tell us more about the people and the location within those 2-3 minutes. From the first few seconds of the film, there is the wide shot of the location being taken, showing the Day of the Dead festival which tells us immediately that it is happening in Mexico. The camera then shifts directly onto a man who for the moment we have no idea who it is, then it focuses on 2 people, one with a black costume and a skeleton mask and the other one is a lady. We see them walking through the parade with the music behind adding tension. Then we go inside the building where the couple is going up the elevator. From that moment, the way the camera has been moving across the parade is smooth with no shaking of the camera. The camera man focuses very well on the way the characters walk through the crowd.

Analysis of Primary and Secondary Research

Primary Research and Secondary Research are very different as Primary Research is what you are finding out yourself without using sources. When comparing the information of Primary and Secondary research, we know that this camera which I used for filming has a much higher quality than the cameras used during the 1950s or later.


Best Movie Scene, 2016, Spectre – James Bond 007 – Carnival Mexico City,, Accessed on 12/10/16

Fleet wood Museum, No Date, Available at:, Accessed on 13/10/2016

Le French Blog, 2016,00013, Available at:, Accessed on 15/10/2016

Verma Samidha, no date, Accessed on 12/10/2016

Woodford, Chris, 2013, Available at,, Accessed on 10/10/2016