This week the main topic has been Camera. We have learned many things from the different types of shot used when filming. There was the 180° Degree Rule, Shot Reverse Shot, Over The Shoulder and Match On Action. We also learned about the different types of narratives. In Unit 3, because it is about Camera, we’ve learned about how to become a cameraman, there will be more detail below.
In our first theory lesson of this week, we have learnt about the different skills when filming. 180 Degree Rule is very important in all aspects of filming. This rule keeps the people focused and avoids confusion towards the audience. When you see 2 people facing each other, there is a line that is drawn,which is called the line of action. This means that once the establishing shot has been made; the camera has to stay on one side of the line. The line would normally run straight through 2 people. Shot Reverse is when the camera switches from one person to the over whilst having a conversation. The character who is talking would be more focused than the other one and vice versa.This shows that they are having a conversation. Over the Shoulder Shot is when the shot is framed from behind a person who is looking at the person.The person facing the character takes about 1/3 of the frame. Match on Action is the last technique we looked at. This is when there is an action, and the following shot of the action is a close up to help the audience understand what is happening. I have learned quite a lot of things I did not know before, the Shot Reverse Shot,Over the Shoulder and Match On Action,I saw those types of skills in many films but never knew what it was called or did not how it was used.
On the practical side,we had to create a storyboard.Within the story board there had to be 2 people having a conversation. We had to create a story by using the shots we have learnt, the 180° Degree Rule, Shot reverse Shot and Over the Shoulder Shot. While we did the shots, we knew which shots to take for which scenes. At the end, when looking back at the photos, we have done all the shot reverse shots and over the shoulder shot effectively. We have also followed the 180° Degree Rule properly as we only took the photos on one side of the line of action and not the other side.
On the rest of the theory side, we learned about Narrative which is how the story is being told to the audience. There are a variety of narratives like Linear or Non-linear narratives where the story goes from beginning, middle and end,or it is mixed,so it starts from the end then goes to the present etc… The other narratives were single stranded and multi stranded which is the amount of sub-plots within a film or TV series. The last 2 narratives were open and closed narratives. These narratives The last theory lesson we had was about jobs.This time we looked at how to become a cameraman. The same principle goes with every other jobs we have learnt. University is key because you need to learn the skills and you need experience about how to you cameras, the shots used and many other skills. You also need to do internships or apprenticeships to get knowledge as well. After those things, you can then become Camera Assistant where you help set up the cameras ready for film in,you can also become the camera operator or a cinematographer.I have learnt many things in these theory lessons. I never knew the names of those narratives, because I know them, for the future projects, I could decide on what type of narrative I could do,which can help me a lot.
The other thing we have learned about Auteur Theory which means Theory of Act in English. Auteur Theory is where the director chooses his own team of sound experts, lighting engineers, editors and others for his own style of film that he or she wants to do. For example when the director chooses its actors for Thor as an example.If the 2 actors of choice was between Tom Cruise and Chris Hemsworth, both would be able to act like Thor but the story would be completely different,so the director would have to choose the actor who fit in with his story.